DLG e.V. - Test Agricultural tyres for tractors

Agricultural tyres for tractors

DLG-APPROVED: "Wear behaviour under real conditions "

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A test mark „DLG-APPROVED for individual criteria“ is awarded for agricultural products which have successfully fulfilled a scope-reduced usability testing conducted by DLG according to independent and recognized evaluation criteria. The test is intended to highlight particular innovations and key criteria of the test object. The test may contain criteria from the DLG test scope for overall tests, or focus on other value-determining characteristics and properties of the test subject. The minimum requirements, test conditions and procedures as well as the valuation bases of the test results will be specified in consultation with an expert group of DLG.

They correspond to the recognized rules of technology, as well as scientific and agricultural knowledge and requirements. The successful testing is concluded with the publication of a test report, as well as the awarding of the test mark which is valid for five years from the date of awarding.

The endurance test “Wear behaviour under real conditions” consists of tests of agricultural tyres on tractors in real working conditions. As a result of rising transport tasks on the road with agricultural machines, the cost factor of “tyres” becomes more and more important. The cost factor of “tyres” includes tyre wear and the associated change intervals. To get more realistic data on this topic the DLG developed a well-defined measurement procedure to represent and accurately compare tyre wear results of different tyres. In this test the Vredestein Traxion XXL was compared with a tyre from another premium tyre manufacturer. The size dimensions of the tyres were 600/70R28 on the front axle and 710/70R42 on the rear axle. All test tyres were assembled onto a John Deere 6215R. In total the test included six identical test machines, divided over two agricultural contractors in Germany. To determine different working situations, in the field, transport and road tasks on the street, plus the idle hours, every tractor had a JD Link System installed to get real working machine data during the whole test period.

Assessment in brief

The test results showed the Vredestein tyre was very good in comparison with the competitive reference. At the same working conditions for both test candidates the tyre wear of the “Traxion XXL” is clearly lower. As a result, the lifetime and therefore the economic efficiency of the Vredestein tyre are visually better.

Table 1: General results

Test criterion Evaluation *
tyre wear behaviour + +

* Evaluation range:  ++ / + / ◯ / – / –– (◯ = standard)

The Product

Description  and Technical Data

Technical instructions and data can be found on the manufacturer’s website: http://www.vredestein.com/agriculture

The Method

In context of the long-term test six tractors at two agricultural contractors were assembled with the serial tyres to be tested. One machine per contracting company had the Vredestein Traxion XXL tyre with the size 600/70 R28 on the front axle (FA) and 710/70 R42 on the rear axle (RA). The same reference tractors, all John Deere 6215R, were equipped with tyres in the same size from another manufacturer of premium tyres during the same time period of 15 months.The goal at the beginning of the test was to find machines which run mostly on the road, because the tyre wear on the road is higher than the tyre wear experienced on the field.

To be able to judge the measurement results, each test machine was fitted with a JD Link tele­matics system, which records the relevant important ­machine data during the test. Based on this the operation hours could be defined in different con­ditions with fixed criteria’s. The operation modes were defined in idle hours, operation time with low working speed (e.g. working on the field) and operation time with high working speed (e.g. transport on the road).

The DLG developed a defined measurement procedure to be able to document comparable results of measurement for the tyre wear behaviour. Before the test starts every tyre was equipped with predefined measurement points. Each tyre received drill holes in the lugs, which were filled with measurement  pins. These measurement pins act as depth stops.

To avoid mistakes each measuring point was coded. This criteria was guaranteed to measure the absolute tyre wear during the whole test always at the same position. In each tyre 12 measuring points were defined on the tyre circumference. This allowed a statistic inspection respective to the tyre wear around the whole tyre range and the performance respective to tyre wear both transversal and longitudinal. This allowed a statistic inspection respective
to the tyre wear around the whole tyre circumference as well as the wear behavior in both transversal and longitudinal direction.

Table 2: Test details

Con
tractor 1
Con
tractor 2
Machine 1 Machine 2 Machine 3 Machine 4 Machine 5 Machine 6
Equipped with Vredestein
Traxion XXL
Reference Vredestein
Traxion XXL
Reference
Dimension FA / RA 600/70R28
and 710/70R42
Load index FA / RA 157D / 173D 157D / 173D 157D / 173D 157D / 173D 157D / 173D 157D / 173D
Lug Height FA / RA* [mm] 51 / 58 52 / 64 51 / 58 52 / 64
Tyre pressure FA / RA [bar] 1,8 / 1,8

Summary

The tested agricultural tyre “Vredestein Traxion XXL” with the tyre size 600/70 R28 on the front axle and 710/70 R42 on the rear axle showed a much better tyre wear behaviour in comparison to the competitive reference tyre in the same tyre size from another premium tyre manufacturer through the whole test. Furthermore the total lifetime of the “Traxion XXL” is very positive, especially on the front axle, which is more heavily loaded with shear forces in cornering. In comparison to the tyre from the reference manufacturer the Vredestein tyre has a better lifetime of 87% on the front axle. The test result also confirms a better result on the rear axle with a higher lifetime of 51%. Because of the recorded result the total cost of ownership per operational hour will be lower in comparison with the reference product. Based on the assumed purchase prices in combination with the lower cost per operational hour an economic advantage is also obvious. The tyre replacement frequency will be lower and therefore not only the cost-performance ratio but also the environmental sustainability of the Vredestein “Traxion XXL” is essentially better.

Detailed account of the test results

During the whole test period of 15 months each machine achieved approximately the same operation hours. One tractor at contracting firm two, which was fitted with the competitive reference tyres, was out of range due to the operation mode profile differing extremely to the other test machines. The statistic inspection therefore includes five tyre sets, 2x Vredestein and 3x the reference. The general data at the end of the test is listed in table 3. To analyse and compare the observed results, respective to the lifetime of the tyres, in table 4 some assumptions were taken. The following results of the comparison are shown in figure 4 and 5.

Scroll table to the right to see full display !

Table 3: General data at the end of test (in average)

Vredestein
Traxion
XXL
Reference
Idle operation hours [h] 250 / 22 % 314 / 26 %
Operation hours with high working speed [h] 349 / 31 % 381 / 31 %
Operation hours with low working speed [h] 525 / 47 % 516 / 43 %
Total machine hours during test period [h] 1124 1211
Amount of test relevant machine hours [h] 874 897
Vredestein
Traxion
XXLL
Reference
Results without operation hours in low idle part FA RA FA RA
Absolute tyre wear in test [mm] 5,55 6,02 10,88 10,56
Normalized tyre wear in test [mm/1.000 h] 6,34 6,92 12,13 11,77

Table 4: Basics to compare the measurement results

Vredestein Traxion XXL Reference
FA RA FA RA
ug Height in new condition (100 %)* [mm] 51 58 52 64
ug Height in new condition (100 %)* [mm] 41 48 42 54

*    manufacturer’s information

 

When the costs for a tyre set are entered, it is possible to show the economic effect. The price for a tyre set depends on the dealer and his trading terms. In this case we determined a price of € 11.000 for an average on both test candidates.

Table 5: Comparison of costs with a purchase price of 11.000 €

Vredestein
Traxion
XXL
Reference
FA RA FA RA
Purchase price per axle [€] 3.500 7.500 3.500 7.500
Costs per tyre per operation hour [€/h] 0,27 0,54 0,51 0,82
Costs per axle per operation hour [€/h] 0,54 1,08 1,01 1,63

Manufacturer and applicant

Manufacturer and applicant

Apollo Vredestein B.V.
P.O. Box 27
7500 AA Enschede
The Netherlands
Contact:
http://www.vredestein.com/agriculture

Test performed by

DLG e.V.,
Test Center Technology and Farm Inputs,
Max-Eyth-Weg 1,
64823 Groß-Umstadt

Area of expertise
Vehicle engineering/vehicle testing

Project director
Dipl-Ing (FH) Andreas Ai

Test engineer(s)
Dipl-Ing (FH) Niels Conradi *

*Author

Contact

DLG TestService GmbH  - Groß-Umstadt location
Max-Eyth-Weg 1
64823 Groß-Umstadt
Germany
Tel.: +49(0)69 24 788-611
tech(at)DLG.org