Only one-third of the pig farmers surveyed see the conclusion of manure purchase agreements as a suitable tool for nutrient management, while over half of the participants consider this variant to be unsuitable. With an average of 26 percent, the proportion of leased land of the surveyed farmers is low and therefore the demand for a contractual purchase of manure is low. Pig farmers see leasing of additional land as significantly more suitable for applying nutrients from pig farming. For the small-structured Polish operational structure leads to a sustained high level of structural change, which enables new leases at competitive prices.
The requirements for greater animal welfare and a reduction of emissions results in a conflict of interests for pig farmers that makes it more difficult to reach decisions on the further development of livestock management. For more animal welfare in the sties – for example, with outdoor areas for the pigs – sometimes leads to higher emissions. However, approximately two-thirds of the pig farmers surveyed in Poland are of the opinion that the conflict of interests can be solved with new sty concepts.
With just under one-third, in a comparison of countries an above average number of pig farmers in Poland are of the opinion that animal-friendly sties can be a realistic alternative to conventional sty systems. This evaluation is surprising against the background of the worsening disease situation cause by the African swine fever. In particular, the example of pig farming in Poland shows due to the outbreak of African swine fever that, in addition to animal welfare and environmental protection, disease prevention must also be taken into account in the discussion on the future of pig farming.