DLG e.V. - DLG-Agrifuture Insights Report Poland - Arable Farming

Country Report for Poland 2017 – Arable Farming Focus of investments on tractors and sowing technology, manufacturer and machine quality decisive for investment decisions

  • 41 percent of the cash crop producers surveyed in Poland intend to invest in the coming 12 months.
  • At the focus of investments are tractors, direct sowing technology and combine harvesters.
  • Important aspects of the purchasing decision are the operating convenience of the machines and the purchase and spare parts prices.
  • Innovations in technology for need-oriented fertilisation have top priority for the surveyed cash crop producers.

With 41 percent, the investment confidence of cash crop producers in Poland is below the average of many years, however has detached itself from the trend to dropping grain prices. For the farm managers surveyed are more growth and modernisation-oriented and are continually developing their farming operations further. The mid and long-term perspective is decisive for investment activity, and with prices around € 150 €/ , investments are even possible in phases with well-supplied grain markets. Cash crop producers are expanding existing production capacities and modernising their machinery.

The current survey shows that the focus of investments of the cash crop producers surveyed is on tractors, mulching and direct sowing technology, combine harvesters and field choppers. On the other hand, the purchase of automatic steering systems plays a less important role. For the most important decision-making criteria for the surveyed farmers when purchasing agricultural machines are the purchase price and the operating convenience of machines and implements.

For 90 percent of the cash crop producers surveyed specify that purchase and spare parts prices are important decision-making criteria for the purchase of agricultural machines. And the operating convenience of the machines also plays a major role in the purchasing decision. Another important factor is the manufacturer's brand, for 74 percent of the surveyed cash crop producers consider this a major buying argument. As a result, high service quality and the quality of the technology offered are decisive factors for achieving a distinctive position on the Polish technology market with a strong image. Relatively less important to the cash crop producers surveyed in Poland is the electronic equipment of the technology.

With regard to the technological innovations, farmers are especially interested in innovations in digital maps for stock management and in systems for decision-making support. For the cash crop producers use the software to analyse existing production systems and to make better decisions on crop management. Against this background, the majority of the surveyed farmers is interested in increasing the nutrient efficiency with innovations in need-oriented fertilisation and in implementing the knowledge gained from the analyses directly in cultivation.

For 74 percent of the farmers surveyed, the innovations in need-oriented application of fertiliser are a major cornerstone for the further development of cultivations programmes. Only the use of new varieties is more important to farmers. For changing climatic conditions and the related growing pressure of disease require robust varieties which also provide stable yields under the changing conditions. 

And even if mulching and direct sowing technology are at the top of the list for investments, turning soil tillage is also a central cornerstone for improved cultivation methods for over 60 percent of the armers surveyed. For increasing resistances of weeds require an expanded range of horticultural measures, which for many of those surveyed also includes turning cultivation.

In addition to the technical approaches for improving farming, farmers also have their eye on expanding the range of cultivation. For example, intercropping and the cultivation of more summer crops are also part of the horticultural toolbox. For cash crop producers, it is a matter of determining the suitable cultivation programme for the location and the further development of crop growing with innovations in agricultural technology and decision-making support.

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